Having a phobia of snakes is one of the most common fears in the world; recent studies believe that this could even be a natural fear instinctive from birth. With this in mind, I’d say a snake probably wouldn’t be the most welcome visitor to your campsite! However, an encounter with snakes is always possible if you camp near their natural habitat. It is therefore best to be prepared, should this ever happen. This guide is full of tips and advice to not only keep snakes out of your campsite but also handle them if you do meet one along the way.
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Choosing Snake-Free Areas
One of the best ways to avoid snakes is to camp in areas where they are less likely to hang around. The main thing to look for is an expanse of land with plenty of open space and short grass where it’s more difficult for snakes to hide. If your campsite permits, lighting a fire is another good tactic to keep rodents and snakes at bay.
Where do snakes usually hide?
Snakes are drawn to moisture-rich areas, so avoid camping too close to streams/lakes/any natural water sources. They also thrive in wooded areas with plenty of hiding spots so try not to set your tent up near fallen trees or log piles as snakes use these to conceal themselves.
How Can You Repel Snakes?
There are a number of actions you can take to help make your camp ‘snake-proof’:
These repellents contain chemicals that ward off snakes and other pests. Though available in a few different forms, spray generally lasts the longest outdoors. The repellent can be sprayed around the vicinity of your tent to help keep snakes out in all directions. The chemicals are not deadly to snakes but the smell will make them think twice about approaching your tent. When purchasing chemical deterrents, consider the following:
- Look for a repellent that contains DEET. This will double its purpose as it will also repel bugs and pests like mosquitos.
- Rather than shopping at the supermarket, check out specific camping or outdoor stores for a chemical deterrent as they will likely have a wider variety available and specific knowledge about different products.
- Never buy a repellent that contains naphthalene; although it repels snakes, it can be harmful to wildlife as well as humans if too much is inhaled.
Repellents don’t just come in a chemical format – you can develop your own home remedies using essential oils that have also shown effectiveness at repelling snakes:
Cinnamon oil, clove oil and Eugenol
After much research, these natural products are said to be effective in repelling certain species of snakes. Spraying a mixture of the oils around the perimeter of your tent can cause severe discomfort for snakes if they get close enough, as the particles are quickly absorbed into their skin causing them to retreat. They are also particularly sensitive to the strong odors given off by these oils which discourages them from getting too close.
This method is widely used by the Wildlife Services within the U.S. Department of Agriculture, where they spray these essential oils to manage the population of brown tree snakes.
Though more commonly used in gardens to repel snakes, lemongrass can also be applied to campsites if you place it around your tent. Not only will the strong citrus smells help keep the snakes away but also mosquitos and other bugs.
An added preventative measure would be buying a couple of citronella candles and setting them up outside in the evening whilst you cook. Again, the smell will help repel snakes and mosquitos, without contaminating you or the food.
Maintaining your hygiene and body odor is a natural prevention method as snakes can be attracted to sweat and body heat. If possible, take regular showers or use unscented body wipes to remove sweat. You should also use unscented deodorant and soaps to keep fragrant smells to a minimum.
How Should I Store My Food?
Even though snakes have little interest in human food, smaller animals like mice and birds do. And snakes have a big interest in them! Storing food incorrectly could therefore attract snakes inadvertently. In the same way that you would bear-proof your campsite, the following rules also apply to snakes:
- Never leave trash bags outside of your tent even if they are sealed. Dispose of correctly or store in an air-tight container until you are able to do so.
- Be conscious of dropping crumbs near your tent and clean utensils thoroughly after use.
- Place any leftover food/scraps in air-tight containers and store away from your tent in an elevated area (such as a tree branch) to further protect it from rodents.
How Can I Safely Check for Snakes?
There are a number of things you can do regularly to check for snakes in and around your tent area:
- Make sure there are no holes in your tent by doing a thorough check after set-up. It’s a good idea to carry a repair-kit just in case a branch snags your tent for example.
- Before you leave the campsite, make sure all zips are shut on your tent and there are no small gaps/openings. You should check this whenever you leave your tent unattended even if you are still close by, as it doesn’t take long for a snake to slither in.
- Get into the habit of shaking out your sleeping bag – you don’t want any surprise visitors as you climb inside!
- Snakes are attracted to shade so don’t forget to check underneath your tent too.
- Boots are another potential hiding place for snakes, especially if you leave them outside your tent overnight. Never put your feet in without checking first!
Tips for Personal Safety
As well as snake-proofing your tent area, you should also follow these simple safety tips to prevent encounters outside of your campsite:
It is important to cover the ankles, hands and lower legs, as these are the areas most liable to snakebites. You then lower the risk of venom entering the bloodstream should a snakebite occur. Gaiters and jeans are examples of good materials that also reduce the chances of a snake’s fang piercing the skin.
Closed footwear is always essential. Not only will your feet be more protected, but they make more ground vibrations than flip flops or sandals, alerting the snakes to your presence and encouraging them to vacate the area.
Watch where you walk
Most snakes will feel you through vibrations and leave before you see them. However, in some cases If you catch them by surprise, their instinctive reaction may be to strike out. To reduce these chances, check rocks and logs before you step over them. As you know, snakes like to lay in these places and you don’t want to disturb them where possible.
Pack a first-aid kit
It’s always best to be prepared, especially when camping or hiking around snake habitats. First-aid kits are a fundamental item in any backpack. As well as the basics, you should include pressure bandages that can be applied to bites, delaying the venom. Find out more about the pressure immobilization technique here.
What Should I Do If I See a Snake?
If you do come across a snake lurking near your campsite or when out hiking, stay calm and follow this advice:
- If you see a snake in close proximity, freeze and assess its reaction. It will more than likely look for a way out. If it is cornered, back up slowly. Similar to bears, slow movements are seen as less threatening.
- Don’t provoke a snake. This includes poking it with a stick or prodding with your foot to encourage it to move. Snakes can attack quickly if disturbed, even from a distance, as they see this as a threat.
- If you step on a snake by accident, move away immediately.
- Don’t get too close. Some species play dead and may strike if they feel threatened.
- Only stamp your feet if you are a good distance away. This usually alerts the snake and they will vacate, however this can also be perceived as a threat if you are too close.
- You should treat all snakes as dangerous for your own safety. Even if you encounter a dead snake, the fangs still store poison which can cause envenomation if it pierces the skin. They may also retain muscle reflexes, meaning a bite could still occur after death.
- Baby snakes can also be dangerous: they are typically harder to spot and can have an erratic and impulsive nature, leaving their next move unpredictable.
How Do I Treat a Snakebite?
Although snakebites are rarely fatal these days, it is always important to know what to do in this situation in case the bite is indeed life-threatening. You should treat all bites as venomous in the same way you treat all snakes as dangerous.
- Call 911 for medical assistance.
- Stay calm and still, keeping the affected area below the heart to slow down the spread of poison.
- Remove any restrictive items as the area may start to swell.
- Apply an immobilization bandage as soon as possible, tightly covering the whole limb. Watch this short instructional video to learn the correct technique:
- Try to suck out the poison.
- Apply a tourniquet or restrictive bandage as this can cause serious damage to the limb, nerves and blood flow.
- Clean the wound as the hospital might need to identify the snake using the poison left on the skin.
Which Places in the US are Known for Snakes?
The majority of US states are home to various species of snakes, though not all are venomous. To give you an idea, states with the most venomous snakes include New Mexico (15-20), California (15-20), Texas (20-30) and Arizona (around 30). Generally speaking, more venomous snakes are found in the south compared to the North.
You can check out this interactive map to give you an idea of which snakes can be found in each US state.
Whether you are a recreational camper or a seasoned professional, it is always worth taking the appropriate measures to keep snakes away from your campsite. This guide doesn’t promise protection, but it is useful for you to be fully equipped with this information prior to camping near snake territory. Always remember to tread carefully when walking and be aware of your surroundings.
If you are camping in areas that are also home to bears, you can check out our useful guide on How to keep bears away from your campsite.